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Quiz Meeting 4 ( ORGANIC FERTILIZER)

01 Jan

Quiz : READING COMPREHENSION
STRUCTURE SECTION

1. With which of the following topics in the passage primarily concerned?
A. Local research and harmful effects of fertilizer
B. Advantages and disadvantages of liquid fertilizer
C. A formula for the production of fertilizer
D. Content, form, and effects of fertilizer

2. The word essential in the paragraph 1 could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. limited B. preferred
C. anticipated D. required

3. Which of the following has the smallest percentage content in the formula 4-8-2?
A. Nitrogen B. Phosphorus
C. Acid D. Potash

4. What is the percentage of nitrogen in a 5-8-7 formula fertilizer?
A. 3 percent B. 5 percent
C. 7 percent D. 8 percent

5. The word designate in the paragraph 2 could best be replaced by
A. Modify B. specify
C. Limit D. increase
6. Which of the following statements about fertilizer is true?
A. Powders are more popular than ever.
B. Solids are difficult to store.
C. Liquids are increasing in popularity.
D. Chemical granules are difficult to apply.

7. The word they in the paragraph 2 refers to
A. Powder B. solids
C. Liquids D. fertilizer

8. The word convenient in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to
A. Effective B. plentiful
C. easy to use D. heap to produce

Problem 21 Factual Conditionals–Absolute, Scientific Results

CONDITION RESULT
If S V (present) , S V (present)
If a catalyst is used , the reaction occurs more rapidly
Or
CONDITION RESULT
If S V (present) , S will verb word
If a catalyst is used , the reaction will occur more rapidly

Incorrect: If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they withered and died.
Correct : If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they wither and die.
or
If orange blossoms are exposed to very cold temperatures, they will wither and die.

Incorrect: If the trajectory of a satellite will be slightly off at lunch, it will get worse as the flight progresses.
Correct : If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch, it gets worse as the flight progresses. or
If the trajectory of a satellite is slightly off at lunch,it will get worse as the flight progresses.

Incorrect: If light strikes a rough surface, it diffused.
Correct : If light strikes a rough surface, it diffuse .
or
If light strikes a rough surface,it will diffuse .

Problem 22 Factual Conditionals – Probable Results
for the Future

will
can
If S V (present) , S may verb word
If we find her address , we will write her

will
can
S may verb word if S V (present)
We will write her if we find her address

Incorrect: We will wait if you wanted to go
Correct : We will wait if you want to go
or
If you want to go, we will wait.

Incorrect: If you listen to the questions carefully, you answer them easily.
Correct : If you listen to the questions carefully, you will answer them easily.
or
You will answer them easily if you listen to the questions carefully.

Incorrect: If we finished our work a little early today, we’ll attend the lecture at the art museum.
Correct : If we finish our work a little early today, we’ll attend the lecture at the art museum.
or
We’ll attend the lecture at the art museum if we finish our work a little early today.

Problem 23 Factual Conditionals – Possible Results

would
could
If S V (past) , S might verb word
If we found her address, we would write her
If we found her address, we could write her
If we found her address, we might write her
or
would
could
S might verb word if S V (past)
We would write her if we found her address
We could write her if we found her address
We might write her if we found her address

Incorrect: If Judi didn’t drink so much coffee, she wouldn’t have been so nervous.
Correct : If Judi didn’t drink so much coffee, shewouldn’t be so nervous.
or
Judi wouldn’t be so nervous if she didn’t drink so much coffee.

Incorrect: If you would go to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
Correct : If you went to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning.
or
You wouldn’t be so sleepy in the morning if you went to bed earlier.

Incorrect: If she would eat fewer sweets, she would lose weight.
Correct : If she ate fewer sweets, she would lose weight. or
She would lose weight if she ate fewer sweets.

Problem 24 Factual Conditionals – Probable Changes In Past Results

would have
could have
If S had participle , S might have participle
If we had found her address, we would have written her
If we had found her address, we could have written her
If we had found her address, we might have written her

Incorrect: If her mother let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
Correct : If her mother had let her, Anne would have stayed longer.
or
Anne would have stayed longer if her mother had let her.

Incorrect: If we would have known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the
bus station.
Correct : If we had known that she had planned to arrive today, we could have met her at the bus
station.
or
We had known her at the bus station if we had known that she had planned to arrive today.

Incorrect: If I had more time, I would have checked my paper again.
Correct : If Ihad had more time, I would have checked my paper again.
or
I would have checked my paper again if I had had more time.

Problem 25 Contrary–to–Fact Conditionals–Impossible Results Were

If S were
If the party were on Friday, we could go.

Incorrect: If the meat was a little more done, this would be an excellent meal.
Correct : If the meat were a little more done, this would be an excellent meal. (The meat is not done)
or
This would be an excellent meal if the meat were a little more done. (The meat is not done)

Incorrect: If my daughter is here, I would be very happy.
Correct : If my daughter were here, I would be very happy. (My daughter is not here)
or
I would be very happy if my daughter were here. (My daughter is not here)

Incorrect: This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger.
Correct : This apartment be perfect if it were a little larger. (The apartment is not larger.)
or
If it were a little larger, this apartment be perfec. (The apartment is not larger.)

Problem 27 Importance–Subjunctive–Verbs

S V that S V
Mr. Johnson prefers that she speak with him personally

Incorrect: The foreign student advisor recommended that she studied more English before enrolling at
the university.
Correct : The foreign student advisor recommended that she study more English before enrolling at
the university.

Incorrect: The law requires that everyone has his car checked at least once a year.
Correct : The law requires that everyone have his car checked at least once a year.

Incorrect: She insisted that they would give her a receipt.
Correct : She insisted that they give her a receipt.

Problem 28 Importance–Nouns Derived from Subjunctive Verbs

demand; insistence; preference; proposal;
recommendation; request; requirement; suggestion.

noun that S verb word
The recommendation that we be evaluated was approved

Incorrect: She ignored the suggestion that she gets more exercise.
Correct : She ignored the suggestion that she get more exercise.

Incorrect: The terrorist’s demand that the airline provides a plane will not be met by deadline.
Correct : The terrorist’s demand that the airline provide a plane will not be met by deadline.

Incorrect: He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he dropping the class.
Correct : He regretted not having followed his advisor’s recommendation that he drop the class.

Problem 29 Importance–Impersonal Expressions

essential; imperative;
important; necessary.
It is adjective infinitive
It is important to verify the data
or
It is adjective that S verb word
It is important that the data be verify

Incorrect: It is important that I will speak with Mr. Williams immediately.
Correct : It is important to speak with Mr. William immediately.
or
It is important that I speak with Mr. Williams immediately.

Incorrect: It is imperative that your signature appears on your identification card.
Correct : It is imperative to sign your identification card.
or
It is imperative that your signature appear on your identification card.
Incorrect: It is essential that all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
Correct : It is essential to file all applications and transcripts are filed no later than July 1.
or
It is essential that all applications and transcripts be filed no later than July 1.

 
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Posted by on January 1, 2012 in English for IT

 

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