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Quiz Meeting 2 (SUNSPOT)

01 Jan

Quiz : READING COMPREHENSION

1.  What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
A.  To propose a theory to explain sunspots
B.  To describe the nature of sunspots
C.  To compare the umbra and penumbra in sunspots
D.  To argue for the existence of magnetic fields in  sunspots

2.  The word controversial in paragraph 1 is closet in  meaning to
A.  widely accepted     C.  just introduced
  B.  open to debate     D.  very complicated

3. Solar particles are hurled into space by
A.  undetermined causes
    B.  disturbances of wind
C.  small rivers on the surface of the sun
D.  changes in the Earth’s atmosphere

4. The word particles in paragraph 1 refer to
A.  gas explosions in the atmosphere
B.  light rays from the sun
C.  liquid streams on the sun
D.  small pieces of matter from the sun

5. How can we describe matter from the sun that enters the Earth’s
atmosphere?
    A.    Very small  B.  Very hot  C.  Very bright    D.  Very hard

6. What does the author mean by the statement Actually, the sunspots  are
cooler  than  the  rest  of  the  photosphere, which may account for their
apparently darker color?
A.  Neither sunspots nor the photosphere is hot.
B.  Sunspots in the photosphere do not have any color.
C.  The color of sunspots could be affected by their temperature.
      D.  The size of a sunspot affects its temperature.

7. The word they in the paragraph 2 refers to
A.  structure    B.  spots    C.  miles        D.  Granules

8. The word consequently in the paragraph 3 could best be replaced by
A.  as a result                 
B.  nevertheless
C.  without doubt
D.  in this way

9. In which configuration do sunspots usually occur?
A.  In one spot of varying size
B.  In a configuration of two spots
C.  In arrangements of one hundred or more spots
D.  In groups of several thousand spots
10. How are sunspots explained?
A. Sunspots appear to be related to magnetic fields on the Earth.
B. Sunspots may be related to magnetic fields that follow longitudinal
lines on the sun.
C. Sunspots are explained by storms that occur on the Earth.
D. Sunspots have no theory or model to explain them

11. The sunspot theory is
A. not considered very important
B.  widely accepted
  C.  subject to disagreement
  D.  relatively new

Problem 9     Logical Conclusions – Events that repeat

Example

S                must      verb word        repeated time

My friend     must              call        often.

Exercises

Incorrect:  The light is always out in her room at ten o’clock; she must have go to bed early every
night.
Correct  :  The light is always out in her room at ten o’clock; she must go to bed early every night.

Incorrect:  Our neighbors must having a lot of money because they are always taking expensive
trips.
Correct  :  Our neighbors must have a lot of money because they are always taking expensive trips.

Incorrect:  He can like his job because he seems very happy.
Correct  :  He must like his job because he seems very happy.

Incorrect:  Her English is very good; she must spoken it often.
Correct  :  Her English is very good; she must speak it often.

Incorrect:  Carol always gets good grades; she should study a lot.
Correct  :  Carol always gets good grades; she must study a lot.

Problem 10     Knowledge and Ability – Know and Know How

Examples

S      KNOW              noun

I       know            the answer.

S      KNOW            how              infinitive

I       know          how                  to answer         the question.

Exercises

Incorrect:  If she knew to drive, he would lend her his car.
Correct  :  If she knew how to drive he would lend her his car.

Incorrect:  I don’t know to use the card catalog in the library.
Correct  :  I don’t know how to use the card catalog in the library.

Incorrect:  Until he came to the United States to study, he didn’t know to cook.
Correct  :  Until he came to the United States to study, he didn’t know how to cook..

Incorrect:  Do you know to type?
Correct  :  Do you know how to type?
Incorrect:  You’ll have to help her because she doesn’t know to do it.
Correct  :  You’ll have to help her because she doesn’t know how to do it.

Problem 11  Past Custom – Used to and BE Used to

S          used to              verb word
He          used to                live             in the country.

S              BE              used to          -ing form
He        was        used to              living    in the country.

Incorrect: We use to go to the movies quite frequently.
Correct  : We used to go to the movies quite frequently.
or
We were used to going to the movies quite frequently.

Incorrect:  She was used to get up early.
Correct  : She used to get up early.
or
She was used to getting up early.

Incorrect:  He was used to drink too much.
Correct  : He  used to drink too much.
or
He was used to drinking too much.

Incorrect:  She used to speaking in public.
Correct  : She used to speak in public.
or
She was used to speaking in public.

Problem 12  Advisability – Had Better

S            had better    verb word
You      had better            take     chemistry 600 this semester.

S        had better    not    verb word
You    had better    not        take          chemistry 600 this semester.

Incorrect:  We had better made reservations so that we will be sure of  getting a good table.
Correct  : We had better make reservations so that we will be sure of getting a good table.

Incorrect:  We had better to check the schedule.
Correct  : We had better had better check schedule.

Incorrect:  You had better don’t quit your job until you find another one.
Correct  : You had better had better not quit your job until you find another one.

Incorrect:  You had better don’t go alone.
Correct  : You had better had better not go alone.

Problem 13 Preference – Would Rather

S    would rather    verb word
I          would rather            drive.

S    would rather          not    verb word
I          would rather          not          drive.

Incorrect:  If you don’t mind, I’d rather not going.
Correct  : If you don’t mind, I’d rather not go. .

Incorrect:  He said that he’d rather went to a small college instead of to a  large university.
Correct  :  He said that  he’d rather go to a small college instead of to a large university.

Incorrect:  I’d rather writing this than print it because I don’t print well.
Correct  : I’d rather write this than print it because I don’t print well.

Incorrect:  Greg would rather has a Pepsi than a beer.
Correct  :  Greg would rather have a Pepsi than a beer.

Problem 14  Preference for Another – Would Rather That

S    would rather        that          S      V(past)
I          would rather          that        you      drove.
S          would rather        that          S          didn’t      verb word
I          would rather          that        you      didn’t            drive.

Incorrect:  Diane would rather that her husband doesn’t working so hard.
Correct  : Diane would rather that her husband didn’t work so hard.

Incorrect:  The dean would rather that students make appointments instead of dropping by.
Correct  : The dean would rather that students made  appointments instead of dropping by.

Incorrect:  My roommate would rather that I don’t keep the light on after ten o’clock.
Correct  : My roommate would rather that I didn’t keep the light on after ten o’clock.

Incorrect:  We’d rather that you should come tomorrow.
Correct  : We’d rather that you came tomorrow.

Problem 15 Negative Imperatives

Please don’t          verb word
Please don’t        tell        anyone
Would you please not        verb word
Would you please not        tell              anyone

Incorrect:  Please don’t to park here.
Correct  : Please don’t park here.
or
Would you please not park here.

Incorrect:  Would you please not to be late
Correct  : Please don’t  be late.
or
Would you please not be late

Incorrect:  Please don’t  to go yet
Correct  : Please don’t  go yet.
or
Would you please not to go yet.

Incorrect:  Would you please don’t worry
Correct  :  Please don’t worry.
or
Would you please not worry.

 
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Posted by on January 1, 2012 in English for IT

 

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